Nymphalidae: Satyrinae

07367 Bulgarian Ringlet Erebia orientalis, (Elwes, 1900)

BF -- (ABH59.000)

Belmeken, Rila Mtns., 8th July 2008, male.
Belmeken, Rila Mtns., 8th July 2008, male.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Belmeken, Rila Mtns., 8th July 2008, male.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
 2010-2016
 2017
 2018
 2019
Belmeken, Rila Mtns., 8th July 2008, male.
Belmeken, Rila Mtns., 8th July 2008, male.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Belmeken, Rila Mtns., 14th July 2013. Male.
Belmeken, Rila Mtns., 14th July 2013. Male.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Belmeken, Rila Mtns., 14th July 2013. Male.
Belmeken, Rila Mtns., 14th July 2013. Male.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Belmeken, Rila Mtns., 14th July 2013. Male.
Belmeken, Rila Mtns., 14th July 2013. Male.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Rila Mtns., 19th July 2009, male.
Rila Mtns., 19th July 2009, male.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Rila Mtns., 19th July 2009, male.
Rila Mtns., 19th July 2009, male.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Rila Mtns., 19th July 2009, male.
Rila Mtns., 19th July 2009, male.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Rila Mtns., 19th July 2009, male.
Rila Mtns., 19th July 2009, male.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Belmeken, Rila Mtns., 14th July 2013. Male.
Belmeken, Rila Mtns., 14th July 2013. Male.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Kom, Western Stara Planina, 15th July 2012, male.
Kom, Western Stara Planina, 15th July 2012, male.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Kom, Western Stara Planina, 15th July 2012, male.
Kom, Western Stara Planina, 15th July 2012, male.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Western Stara Planina, 10th June 2016. Male
Western Stara Planina, 10th June 2016. Male
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Central Rila Mtns., 13th July 1012, male.
Central Rila Mtns., 13th July 1012, male.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Kom, Western Stara Planina, 7th July 2014, male.
Kom, Western Stara Planina, 7th July 2014, male.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Central Rila Mtns., 13th July 1012, female.
Central Rila Mtns., 13th July 1012, female.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Mramorets, Central Rila Mtns., 13th July 1012, female.
Mramorets, Central Rila Mtns., 13th July 1012, female.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Kom, Western Stara Planina, 7th July 2014, female.
Kom, Western Stara Planina, 7th July 2014, female.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Kom, Western Stara Planina, 7th July 2014, female.
Kom, Western Stara Planina, 7th July 2014, female.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
Kom, Western Stara Planina, 7th July 2014, pair.
Kom, Western Stara Planina, 7th July 2014, pair.
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies
orientalis habitat in Rila Mtns., n. Musala
orientalis habitat in Rila Mtns., n. Musala
 Photo © Nick Greatorex-Davies


General Information

A near Bulgarian endemic. This butterflies global range lies almost entirely within Bulgaria, outside of Bulgaria extending just into the Serbian part of the Western Stara Planina. In Bulgaria It occurs very locally above 1900 m on open subalpine and alpine grassland in the Rila and Pirin Mountains and in the Central and Western Stara Planina.

 

It is very similar to the Mountain Ringlet (Erebia epiphron), and was formerly considered to be the same species. It may share the same larval hostplant, Mat-grass, as this always appears to present / abundant where I have found it.

 

Although it is classed as of "Least Concern" on the European Red List of Butterflies (van Swaay et al. 2010), Kolev considers it to be "Vulnerable" (Butterflies of Bulgaria website) because it is a near endemic, and due to its very local and limited distribtion within Bulgaria.

 

It is one of four species protected by law in Bulgaria.

 


Foodplant(s): grasses
UK Presence: Resident
National status: Vulnerable

Habitat

Alpine grassland and damp gullies where Mat-Grass (Nardus stricta) grows in abundance, which may be at least one of it hostplants.

Regional Information

Recorded in 7 (0.4%) of the 1900 10km squares of Bulgaria.

Last recorded in July 2017

Recorded date range (Adult): 08 June to 29 July


Vulnerable